About Cherakah farm effective microorganism (EM):
Effective microorganism contain :
Lactic acid bacteria: Lactobacillus casei
Photosynthetic bacteria: Rhodopseudomonas palustris
Yeast: Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Others: beneficial microorganisms that exist naturally in the environment may thrive in the mixture.
Professor Teruo Higa developed the EM technology (Effective Microorganisms) at the University of Ryukyus Okinawa Japan
EM Technology is purported to support sustainable practices in farming and to improve and support human health and hygiene, compost and waste management, disaster clean-up (the Bangkok floods of 2011, the Southeast Asia tsunami of 2004, the Kobe earthquake, and Hurricane Katrina remediation projects).
Note that the above information is taken from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effective_microorganism .
EM™ became recognized as effective in various fields, including environmental remediation, composting organic waste, reducing odor in livestock operations, treating wastewater and many more
Note that the above information is get from http://emrojapan.com/about-em/em-products.html
The following website have good information about Effective microorganism :
EM product usage in our farm :
- EM activated solution (EMAS) for poultry and plants
- EM-fermented Plant Extract (EM-FPE)
- EM Bokashi for pultry feed
- EM mudballs for water treament
You can protagate EM•1 by mixing it with molasses with formula of EM•1 which is 1 litre of EM•1 can be made into 20 litres of EM activated solution (EMAS).
How to make EMAS
- An air tight plastic bottle or container
- Chlorine free Water
Case-1: Making EMAS in a 1.5 liter plastic bottle
- Add water to fill 80% of the plastic bottle
- Then add molasses and EM•1 in the bottle
- Shake the bottle to dissolve the molasses.
- Cap the bottle tightly and keep in store room
Case-2: Making EMAS in a plastic container
- Add chlorine free Water to the big plastic tong
- Then add molasses and EM•1 to the cylinder
- Stir the water with the mixture from the cylinder evenly
- Cap the container tightly and keep in store room
When is EMAS ready to use?
EMAS is ready to use in about 7 day after preparing it and when it has a sweet-sour smell and has changed color from black to reddish brown
EMAS usage in our farm
EMAS is apply to our daily poultry drink and spray at our plants to keep the plants and soil healthy. EMAS also is spray at our poultry house to reduce odour from poultry.
EMAS is apply to our fish pond water to detox the water and to keep the fish healthy
EM-fermented Plant Extract (EM-FPE)
EM-FPEis a pesticide mix with chopped weeds, leaves, water, molasses, EM.1 in the ratio of 1 litre: 1litre: 50ml: 50ml in a container. Place some weight on the plant material so that it remains covered in solution. Avoid any space between liquid and cover. Store the container in a warm dark place for 5-10 day.
Leaves with strong flavors like neem, mint, lemon grass and grasses with medicinal values are found to be more effective. EM-FPE has a shelf life of about 90 day.
- Patawali stem
- Menthol leaves
- Chlorine free Water
- Cut the patawali stem and menthol leaves in to small pieces
- pour molasses to plastic bucket
- add vineger and wine to the mixture mollase
- add patawali stem and menthol leaves to the combination.
- add water to the mixture.
- fill in the Em-fpe to container accordingly
EM-FPE usage in our farm
EM-FPE is spray at poultry house as a daily maintenance job and to the plant as pest and disease control
Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed and recycled as a fertilizer and soil
- weed collected from the farm
- dead leaves
- Poultry manure
- Rice hush
- Kitchen waste
How to make Compost
- Mix EMAS and water
- spray the solution to the compost accordingly
Compost usage in our farm
We use compost in our plants
- Mix the compost material
- compost is put around the papaya tree root area .
EM Bokashi for poultry feed
Bokashi is a Japanese term for fermented organic matters
Our EM Bokashi is made from EM.1, molasses, water and organic material such as rice hush, rice bran , fish meal, oat and etc.
How to make EM Bokashi
Our Bokashi recipe is base on recipe from the following website :
- Organic material (rice bran, rice hush, fish meal, oat and etc)
- Chlorine free Water
- Add Chlorine free Water to the molasses to dissolve the molasses.
- Mix the EM•1 with molasses to produce EMAS
- Prepare and mix the require material
4. Add EMAS to the Bokashi mix and mix the Bokashi evenly.
5. To check the moist content of Bokashi squeeze some of the Bokashi into a ball. If it holds shape and no extra liquid comes out, it is the correct moisture.Put into container. If it is too dry, add more water.
6. Press down the Bokashi mixture and cover the container tightly.
7. When fermentation is complete, if some white mold is on the bokashi. This is good.
EM Bokashi usage in our farm
Treatment of chicken house
In order to maintain healthy enviroment within chicken house and to prevent unpleasant odour, spread 0.5 kg Bokashi per m² over the surface of the chicken house. Regularly spray EM-Active (20ml/litre of water) in order to eliminate the smell of chicken waste and to convert the manure into fertiliser.
Bokashi feed will boost the health of the poultry. It will also improve poultry immune system and their digestion. The odours from the poultry will be reduce also.
We Use EMAS with a ratio of 10 ml to 1 litre water to the poultry drinking water.
We use diluted EMAS with a ratio of 10 ml to 1 litre water and spray this in our poultry house
Add 1-2 litres of EM-A per CuM of poultry manure.
EM mud balls for water treatment
EM is use in water treament in Malacca river . Following is the website about water treatment using EM mud ball in Malacca river :
Water treatment in our farm :
We use EM mud ball and EMAS to treat our water in pond .
EM™ Mud balls are made of dried mud into which EM™ Bokashi and Activated EM•1® have been kneaded. They are used to clean up bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, and oceans where there are concentrated deposits of sludge and slime.(The above information is taken from http://emrojapan.com/about-em/em-products/activated-materials/howtomakeballs.html)
How to use EM™ Mud balls
- Use EM™ Mud balls in river bottoms and mud flats where slime has accumulated. Use one EM™ Mud ball for each square meter of surface area.
- Use EM™ Mud balls once each season until results are seen.
- Cleaning up oceans, rivers, lakes and ponds requires the application of EM™ into the water through a variety of methods. It is recommended that Activated EM•1® also be regularly applied into the water to supplement the use of EM™ Mud balls. (The above information is taken from http://emrojapan.com/about-em/em-products/activated-materials/howtomakeballs.html)
How to make EM Mud balls
Basic Materials: Our recipe is base on the recipe on the following website http://emrojapan.com/about-em/em-products/activated-materials/howtomakeballs.html . which mention
- When using dirt and mud from mud flats and EM™ Bokashi: 9 parts dirt to 9 parts mud from mud flats + 1 part EM™ Bokashi + Activated EM•1® (AEM) + EM·X® Ceramics Powder (optional).
Procedure to create EM mud ball for use in water treatment :
- Create require amount of molasses as per your need
- Mix molasses with chlorine less water
- Add EM1 to the above mixer of water and molasses to create Activated EM•1 (EMAS). Prepare rice hush and rice brain to create Bokashi
4. Mix rice brain and rice hush evenly
5. Add mud to the Bokashi mixture
6. Add Activated EM•1 (EMAS) gradually to the mixture
7. Press the mixture as mud ball and store in a dry cool place.
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